Pigmented lesions are dark in colour simply because the melanin has become abnormally localized and concentrated in one area of the skin. High concentrations of melanin arise from several causes. Some types are present at birth, but most pigmentation occurs as a result of overexposure to the suns damaging rays, ageing, hormonal change (Chloasma) arising from several causes including some oral contraceptives, or pregnancy (Melasma).
Most are now very aware of the effects of over exposure to the sun and modern sun screens and other skin care products are directed at preventing, or at least minimising, damage to our skin arising from normal exposure and from sun-bathing.
While protection from the sun remains the best prevention from sun spots and related sun-damage skin disorders, there are treatments available for those already suffering from pigmentation, although most brown spots are easily ignored, if you experience any form of discolouration and feel it is detracting from your skins natural beauty and your feelings of well-being and self-esteem, possibly pigmentation removal is for you, although it does depend on the type, location, and cause of the pigmentation.
Age Spots are those commonly seen brown spots that appear on the face and the backs of the hands as we get older.
Although various treatments exist one of the most effective and safest is the Q-switched YAG Laser. This laser works by specifically targeting the pigment in the brown spots. It does not destroy the overlying skin and therefore the risk of scarring is negligible. The procedure is quick, inexpensive and essentially painless and usually only one treatment is necessary.